Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Sexual and Symbolic Violence: Case Study in Jakarta

Abby Gina Boangmanalu, Gadis Arivia


This paper examines sexual violence to women in public space. Sexual violence in public space such as in public transportation is quite close to women’s everyday life but frequently ignored due to its invisible impacts. This paper criticizes previous deeds as powerful symbolic violence. This research unearthes that there is strong relation between subjective experiences and other objective structures such as norms and law system in the gender domination hierarchy manifesting in sexual violence.


sexual violence; symbolic violence; habitus; public space; bill on sexual violence; state

Full Text:



De Beauvoir, Simone 1989, The Second Sex, Vintage Books Print, New York.

Bourdieu, P. and Wacquant, L. 2002 (1992), An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology, Polity, Cambridge.

Bourdieu, P. 2001, Masculine Domination, Polity, Cambridge.

Bourdieu, P. 1986, Distinction (trans. R. Nice), Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

Butler, J. 1990, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, Routledge, London.

Butler, J. 1993 Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex, Routledge, London.

Foucault, Michel 1978, The History of Sexuality, Vol. I: An Introduction, (trans. Robert Hurley), Penguin, Harmondsworth.

Foucault, Michel 1991, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, Penguin, Harmondsworth.

Haryatmoko 2016, Membongkar Rezim Kepastian, Kanisius, Sleman.

Komnas Perempuan 2002, Peta Kekerasan Pengalaman Perempuan Indonesia, Ameepro, Jakarta.

Lisa Adkins and Bev Skeggs, (eds) 2005, Feminism After Bourdieu. Blackwell Publishers.

Tuttle, Lisa 1987, Encyclopedia of Feminsim. Rainbird Publishing, London.

Sara, Salih 2002, Judith Butler, Routledge, New York.

Thompson, Deborah 1993, “The Woman In the Street: Reclaiming the Public Space from Sexual harassment”. Yale Journal of Law and Feminism, vol. 6 P.313-48.

Wawancara: Kartika Jahja (25 Maret 2016)

Sri Nurherwati (28 Maret 2016)

Responden survei (16 Maret-27 Maret 2016)


  • There are currently no refbacks.