Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Manifesting Ecofeminism in Peatland Restoration: Policies, Actions, and Challenges

Myrna Asnawati Safitri

Abstract

Degradation of peatland ecosystems occurs as a result of excessive exploitation leading to peat drainage and fires. This was influenced by a masculinity perspective in resource tenure and utilization. Ecofeminism presents a different perspective on narratives and inter-relationships of human with nature, including the place of women in them. Injustice that befalls women occur due to unequal power relations in the control and utilization of resources in the peatland ecosystem. This paper discusses the Government of Indonesia’s efforts to reduce gender injustice through Peatland Restoration’s policy. Two policies are discussed here, namely the Social Safety Safeguard and Peat Cares Village Program. It is concluded that women's participation must be able to resolve the imbalance of power relations among women as well as between gender. This requires sufficient time and everlasting education.

 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Gatra 2019, Balitbangtan Luncurkan Peta Gambut, Luas Turun 1,5 Juta Ha, https://www.gatra.com/detail/news/460376/teknologi/balitbangtan-luncurkan-peta-gambut-luas-turun-15-juta-ha, diakses pada 23 Maret 2020.

Herawati, T 2019, An exploration of gender equity in household: A case from a peatland-based community in Riau, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 20(3), pp. 853-861.

Indirastuti, C. & Pratiwi, A. M 2019, Ketika Lahan Basah Mengering: Kajian Ekologi Politik Feminis Degradasi Ekosistem Gambut di Kalimantan Tengah dan Selatan. Jurnal Perempuan, 24(4), pp. 335-349.

Keraf, A. S 2010, Etika Lingkungan Hidup, Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas.

Kompas.com 2019, Potensi Ekonomi Kreatif dari Lahan Gambut, tautan: https://kompas.id/baca/nusantara/2019/05/27/potensi-ekonomi-kreatif-dari-lahan-gambut-dikembangkan/?utm_source=headtopics&utm_medium=news&utm_campaign=2019-05-27, diakses pada 23 Maret 2020.

Koplitz, S.N. et al. 2016, Public health impacts of the severe haze in Equatorial Asia in September–October 2015: demonstration of a new framework for informing fire management strategies to reduce downwind smoke exposure. Environ. Res. Lett., 11(094023).

KLHK RI 2020, SiPongi: Karhutla Monitoring System, tautan: http://sipongi.menlhk.go.id/pdf/luas_kebakaran, diakses 23 Maret 2020.

Nugroho, K 2015, Penurunan permukaan lahan gambut. www.cifor.org. http://www.cifor.org/ipn-toolbox/wp-content/uploads/pdf/C6.pdf

Diakses 21 Maret 2020.

Page, S et al. 2002, The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997, Nature 420, 61–65.

Resurrección, B. P 2017, Gender and Environment from 'Women, Environment and Development' to Feminist Poplitical Ecology, Routledge Handbook of Gender and Environment, pp. 71-85, Routledge, Oxon.

Rogers, E. M 2003, Diffusion of Innovations. 5th edition. New York: Free Press.

Safitri, M. A 2018, Peatland Restoration and Transboundary Haze Pollution: Law and Institutional Change in Indonesia. Bengkulu, Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bengkulu, pp. 59-70.

Safitri, M. A 2018a, Local People, Peatland and SDGs: Current issues and research gaps in Indonesia, s.n, Batam.

Schulz, C et al. 2019. Peatland and wetland ecosystems in Peruvian Amazonia: indigenous classifications and perspectives. Ecology and Society 24(2):12

Shiva, V 1989, Staying Alive: Women, Ecology and Development.. London: Zed Books.

Thomas, A 2020. www.climatechangenews.com. [Online]

Available at: https://www.climatechangenews.com/2020/03/08/power-structures-gender-make-women-vulnerable-climate-change/ [Diakses 20 Maret 2020].

Turetsky, M et al. 2015. Global vulnerability of peatlands to fire and carbon loss. Nature Geosci 8, 11–14.

Warren, K. J 2015, Feminist Environmental Philosophy. [Online]

Available at: https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2015/entries/feminism-environmental/ [Diakses 20 Maret 2020].

World Bank 2016, The Cost of Fire: An economic analysis of Indonesia's 2015 Fire Crisis. Indonesia Sustainable Landscapes Knowledge Note 1, World Bank, Jakarta.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.