Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Cultural Value Factors That Affect Mother and Child Health

Inang Winarso, Ressa Ria Lestari


Mother and child health as a key indicator of community welfare is measured by the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). But why have efforts to reduce MMR and IMR not yet reached the target? This research answers this question by using an approach of cultural values in mother and child health. The focus of this research is on the human life cycle starting from marriage, pregnancy, birth and death in Situbondo Regency, East Java and Ngada Regency, NTT. Research has found four cultural elements that predominantly influence health beliefs, family and community decisions in dealing with maternal and infant health problems. These cultural elements are the religious system, the kinship system, the knowledge system and the livelihood system. These four systems can increase or decrease the risk of maternal and infant mortality. The government must consider the cultural values of the community in making health policies. First, strengthen factors that reduce the risk of maternal and child mortality. Second, reduce the factors that increase the risk of maternal and child mortality.


Cultural value; Ethnography; Maternal and child health; Maternal mortality; Infant mortality

Full Text:



Amin, SM 2008, Karomah Para Kiai, Pustaka Pesantren, Yogyakarta.

Ferraro, G & Andrea, S 2010, Cultural Anthropology: An Apllied Perspective, Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, Belmont, USA.

Foster, GM & Barbara, A 1986, Antropologi Kesehatan, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.

Malinowski, B 2005, Argonauts of The Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Quinea, Routledge, London.

Spradley, JP 1979, The Etnoghraphic Interview, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers Florida, USA.

Taplin, DH, Scheld, S & Low, SM 2002, “Rapid Ethnographic Assesment in Urban Parks: A Case Study of Independence National Historical Park”, Human Organization, vol. 61, no. 1, hh. 80-93.


  • There are currently no refbacks.