Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Strengthening Substantive Representation of Women through the Engagement Model of the Women’s Movement with the DPR and DPRD in Indonesia

Atnike Nova Sigiro

Abstract

Although it has not yet reached an ideal composition, the adoption of a 30% quota of women in elections in Indonesia has increased the number of women in parliament, both at the central level (House of Representative/DPR) and at the regional level (Regional House of Representatives/DPRD). However, the issue of women’s representation in parliament is not only a matter of representation based on sex, but also of substantive representation, where women’s political agenda can be voiced. One of the concepts developed by feminist thinking is the concept of critical actors. This article seeks to explain how women’s organizations and parliamentarians are critical actors that encourage women’s involvement with parliament. This article explains how the involvement between women’s organizations and parliament can strengthen the substantive representation of women in both the DPR and the DPRD. The article is developed based on studies on engagement models of MAMPU’s partners with the DPR and DPRD.

Keywords

women’s politics; political representation; parliamentary women; women’s representation

Full Text:

PDF

References

Andriana, N 2012, “Sejarah Gerakan Politik Perempuan di Indonesia”, dalam SN Siregar (ed.), Perempuan, Partai Politik dan Parlemen: Studi Kinerja Anggota Legislatif Perempuan di Tingkat Lokal, LIPI & Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Jakarta.

Arivia, G 2006, “Aliansi Mawar Putih, Lahir dari Kebutuhan Gerakan Sosial untuk Keadilan”, Jurnal Perempuan, 47, hh. 91-95.

Celis, K & Childs, S 2008, “Introduction: The Descriptive and Substantive Representation of Women: New Directions”, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 61, no. 3, hh. 419-425.

Dhewy, A & Sandiata, B 2019, “Kebaruan Politik dan Hukum Sebagai Sumbangan Gerakan Perempuan dalam Advokasi Kebijakan Afirmatif Pemilu dan UU PKDRT”, Jurnal Perempuan, vol. 24, no.1, hh. 148-169.

Gerintya, S 2017, “Periksa Data: Kuota 30% Perempuan di Parlemen Belum Pernah Tercapai”, Tirto, 7 September, dilihat 6 Mei 2019, https://tirto.id/kuota-30-perempuan-di-parlemen-belum-pernah-tercapai-cv8q

Hasanah, S 2017, “Dasar Hukum Dana Aspirasi Anggota DPR”, Hukum Online, 1 Februari, dilihat 2 Mei 2019, https://www.hukumonline.com/klinik/detail/ulasan/lt58803c7359dae/dasar-hukum-dana-aspirasi-anggota-dpr

Kordi, MGH 2017, “Tentang Reses Partisipatif”, Pintar Mampu Bakti, https://pintarmampu.bakti.or.id/blog/tentang-reses-partisipatif

Marching, ST 2004, “Penanggulangan Pornografi: Hanya Basa-Basi”, Jurnal Perempuan 38, hh. 53-61.

Perdana, A 2015, “The Politics of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) Post-Reformation 1998”, MASYARAKAT: Jurnal Sosiologi, vol. 20, no. 1, hh. 23-42.

Pitkin, HF 1967, The Concept of Representation, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London.

Scwhindt-Bayer, LA 2010, Political Power and Women’s Representation in Latin America, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Sherlock, S 2018, The Experience of parliamentary engagement by MAMPU and its partners: Lessons learnt and openings for the future, MAMPU, Jakarta.

Soeseno, N 2013, Representasi Politik: Perkembangan dari Ajektiva ke Teori, Puskapol, Jakarta.

Soetjipto, AW 2005, Politik Perempuan Bukan Gerhana, Penerbit Buku Kompas, Jakarta.

Tong, RP 2014, Feminist thought: a more comprehensive introduction, fourth edn, Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Yanuarti, S 2012, “Pergulatan di Tengah Marjinalisasi dan Dominasi Kultur Patriarki: Perempuan, Partai Politik & Parlemen di Nusa Tenggara Barat”, dalam SN Siregar (ed.), Perempuan, Partai Politik dan Parlemen: Studi Kinerja Anggota Legislatif Perempuan di Tingkat Lokal, LIPI & Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Jakarta.

Perundang-undangan

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 12 Tahun 2003, Pemilihan Umum Anggota Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, dan Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah, 11 Maret 2003, Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2003 Nomor 37, Jakarta.

Undang-Undang Nomor 18 Tahun 2017, Pelindungan Pekerja Migran Indonesia, 22 November 2017, Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2017 Nomor 242, Jakarta.

Undang-Undang Nomor 17 Tahun 2014, Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat, Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, dan Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah, 5 Agustus 2014, Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2014 Nomor 182, Jakarta.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.