Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Women Facing Legal Cases: Reflection on the Use of Articles 284 and 285 of the Indonesian Criminal Code from the Experiences their Legal Counselor

Bella Sandiata


This paper raises the narrative of experience from legal counselor who once accompanied women victim in cases related to article 284 of the Criminal Code on adultery and article 285 of the Criminal Code on rape. In an interview with the author, four female public lawyers shared their experiences including challenges and obstacles they encountered while advocating cases of adultery and rape. Unacceptable reports, slow-running legal process or even halt in the middle of the process, and facing the attitude of sexism towards victims and public lawyers are some of the obstacles and challenges experienced by the legal counselor of women victims. These public lawyers saw that the criminal law is still not on the side of women and has not provided justice for women. They directly see and experience the difficulty of the legal process running for the article of adultery and rape. Using the feminist legal theory this paper found that law that do not have a gender perspective and siding with women are obstacles to the fulfillment of women victims rights.


criminal law; legal counselor; women victim; experience; adultery; rape

Full Text:



Friedman, LM 2005, “Coming of Age: Law and Society Enters an Exclusive Club”, Annual Review of Law and Social Science, vol. 1, hh. 1-16.

Irianto, S 2011, “Hukum yang Tak Peduli Korban”, Jurnal Perempuan, no. 71, hh. 42-52.

Irianto, S & Shidarta (ed.) 2011, Metode Penelitian Hukum: Konstelasi dan Refleksi, Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.

Kelompok Kerja Perempuan dan Anak Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia dan Masyarakat Pemantau Peradilan Indonesia Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia 2018, Pedoman Mengadili Perkara Perempuan Berhadapan Dengan Hukum, Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia bekerja sama dengan Australia Indonesia partnership for Justice 2, Jakarta.

Komnas Perempuan 2018, Catatan Tahunan Tentang Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan: Tergerusnya Ruang Aman Perempuan Dalam Pusaran Politik Populisme, Komnas Perempuan, Jakarta.

LBH Jakarta 2017, Catatan Akhir Tahun LBH Jakarta 2017: Redupnya Api Reformasi, LBH Jakarta, Jakarta.

Astuti, I 2018, “Penanganan Kasus Kekerasan Belum Berpihak Pada Perempuan”, Media Indonesia, dilihat 15 Maret 2018,

Richardson, J & Sandland, R 2000, Feminist Perspective on Law & Theory, Cavendish Publishing, London.

Salman, O & Susanto, A 2005, Teori Hukum (Mengingat, Mengumpulkan, dan Membuka Kembali), PT. Refika Aditama, Bandung.

Scales, A 2006, Legal Feminism: Activism, Lawyering, and Legal Theory, New York University Press, New York.

Widanti, A 2005, Hukum Berkeadilan Jender, Penerbit Buku Kompas, Jakarta.


  • There are currently no refbacks.