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Fornication as criminal act, Women's Vulnerability and the Stigma against Women's Movement

Mariana Amiruddin

Abstract

The paper explains how criminal code of zina (fornication) criminalized women victims of sexual violence. The data of Komnas Perempuan's Annual Records and the direct complaint from the victims can illustrate that women's personal relationships are particularly vulnerable to violence. The theories of feminism are used as an analytical tool of women's lives and their problems in the private sphere, including in terms of sexual relationships and love, whether married or not. This paper concludes with the challenge of the stigma of the feminist movement, as a movement considered to be opposed to morality and religion, and it is not just happen in Indonesia.

Keywords

fornication; Criminal Code Draft; feminism; personal relations; sexual relations; sexual violence

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References

Komnas Perempuan 2018, Tergerusnya Ruang Aman Perempuan dalam Pusaran Politik Populisme, Catatan Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan Tahun 2017, Komnas Perempuan, Jakarta.

Poerwandari, K 2004, Mengungkap Selubung Kekerasan: Telaah Filsafat Manusia, Kepustakaan Eja Insani, Bandung, Indonesia.

Wolf, N 1999, Gegar Gender: Kekuasaan Perempuan Menjelang Abad 21, Pustaka Semesta Press, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Whelehan, I 1995, Modern Feminist Thought, From the Second Wave to ‘Post-Feminism’, Edinburgh University Press Ltd, Edinburg.

Woodhull, VC 2002, “Free Love: A Caimpaign Agaist Marriage”, dalam ME Williams, The Sexual Revolution (American Sosial Movements), Greenhaven Press, USA.

Friedan, B 2002, “The Problem that Has No Name”, dalam ME Williams, The Sexual Revolution (American Sosial Movements), Greenhaven Press, USA.

Travis, C 1992, Mismeasure of Woman, Touchstone, New York.

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