Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Fulfillment of Special Needs of Women Prisoners and Detainees: A Study in 12 Women Penitentiaries

Lilis Lisnawati, Nadia Utami L, Gatot Goei

Abstract

Just like others, women undergone an imprisonment sentence also have specific women needs relating to biological, psychological condition, and the vulnerability as a woman. In Indonesia, the government commitment in fulfilling the special needs has started with the signing of a number of national and international regulations. The materialization of the commitment ismandated to the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, in this case is the Directorate General of Corrections that has a job and function relating to criminal execution. To see the seriousness of the government in executing the commitment, the Center for Detention Studies did a survey
on the quality of correctional service in 12 women penitentiaries involving 385 women inmates and 35 women detainees in 4 (four) different periods in between 2013-2015. The result shows that the commitment to provide the women special needs has not yet been done well. The strong patriarchal paradigm considering that women are not supposed to commit any crime causes some components in women detention to be not gender-sensitive yet. The shape of the building and the facilitation pattern shows that women are not expected to become an occupant of detention facility. As the consequence, the specific needs of women spending their time in detention facility are neglected.

Keywords

women inmates and detainees; special needs fulfillment; Correctional House and Detention Facility; Directorate General of Corrections; survey of correction service.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Banks, C 2003, Woman in Prison: A Reference Handbook, ABC-CLIO,

Inc, California.

Dagun, SM 1992, Maskulin dan Feminin, PT Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Guilford, JP & Fruchter, B 1978, Fundamental Statistics in Psychology

and Education, McGraw Hill Book, Co, Singapura.

Imran, MF 2015, Mutilasi dalam Perspektif Kriminologi: Tinjauan

Teoretis, Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.

Mustofa, M 2007, Kriminologi: Kajian Sosiologi Terhadap Kriminalitas,

Perilaku Menyimpang, dan Pelanggaran Hukum, FISIP UI Press,

Depok.

Naffine, N 1997, Feminism and Criminology, Polity Press, Cambridge

Oxford.

Penal Reform International 2013, UN Bangkok Rules on Women

Offenders and Prisoners: Short Guide, Penal Reform International.

Sistem Database Pemasyarakatan 2016, Data Jumlah Penghuni

Lapas dan Rutan di Indonesia, diakses pada 31 Juli 2016, www.

smslap.ditjenpas.go.id.

PTIK Press, Jakarta.

Tim Penulis Center for Detention Studies 2014, Realitas Penjara

Indonesia: Survei Kualitas Layanan Pemasyarakatan (Wilayah

Jakarta, Banten, Palembang, Yogyakarta, dan Surabaya), Center for

Detention Studies, Jakarta.

Tim Penulis Center for Detention Studies 2015, Realitas Penjara

Indonesia 2: Survei Kualitas Layanan Pemasyarakatan (Wilayah Aceh,

Bandung, Nusakambangan, dan Semarang), Center for Detention

Studies, Jakarta.

Tim Penulis Center for Detention Studies 2015, Realitas Penjara

Indonesia 3: Survei Kualitas Layanan Pemasyarakatan (Wilayah

Makassar, Lombok, Lampung, dan Bali), Center for Detention

Studies, Jakarta.

Tim Penulis Center for Detention Studies 2016, Realitas Penjara

Indonesia 4: Survei Kualitas Layanan Pemasyarakatan (Wilayah

Kupang, Pontianak, dan Manado), Center for Detention Studies,

Jakarta.

United Nations & UNESCO Institute for Education 1995, Basic

Education in Prisons, United Nations & UNESCO Institute for

Education, Baltimore.

Perundang-undangan

Mandela Rules (Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of

Prisoners).

United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Woman Prisoners and

Non-Custodial Measures for Woman Offenders (the Bangkok Rules).

Undang-Undang RI Nomor 12 Tahun 1995 tentang Pemasyarakatan.

Peraturan Pemerintah RI Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 tentang Pembinaan

dan Pembimbingan Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan.

Peraturan Pemerintah RI Nomor 32 Tahun 1999 tentang Syarat dan

Tata Cara Pelaksanaan Hak Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan.

Peraturan Pemerintah RI Nomor 58 Tahun 1999 tentang Syarat-

Syarat dan Tata Cara Pelaksanaan Wewenang, Tugas, dan Tanggung

Jawab Perawatan Tahanan.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.